Obesity

Over weight is described as a body mass index(BMI) over 25 and obesity is a BMI over 30. Many articles were reviewed and most of the definitions support these values.

How do I know my BMI? There is a formula used that puts in your height and weight and then calculates your BMI. Use this link to put your numbers in and calculate your BMI. Overweight is over 25 to 30 and obesity is over 30.

An elevated BMI/overweight and obesity may lead to many different illnesses and chronic diseases. Some of the diseases are:

  • Hypertension, that is an elevated blood pressure
  • Heart disease
    • Weight fluctuations with type 2 diabetes increase risk with coronary event
    • Elevated cholesterol
    • Greater chance of death after heart attack
  • Gallbladder disease or urinary incontinence
  • Cholesterol elevation
  • Diabetes type 2
  • Back pain or Physical disability
  • Worsening of asthma
  • Sleep apnea requiring a machine to help breathing at night
  • Increase risk of cancers, breast and invasive cervical cancer
  • Liver steatosis, fatty liver disease
  • Anxiety, depression
  • Metabolic syndrome which includes elevate BP, heart disease and diabetes
  • Infections
  • Infertility
  • Osteoarthritis

Menopause also may lead to overweight and obesity, women in menopause are more prone to gaining weight: this may be due to:

  • Excess energy intake (food)
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Patterns of fat distribution

In ND Rates Are 30 To 35% Obesity Rate

There is an obesity epidemic and more than 1/3 of children and adolescents are overweight. More than 50% of the adults are overweight. Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death, only second after SMOKING. Obesity may increase in mortality, earlier death. Overweight and obesity may be caused by energy intake(food) greater than the energy output (exercise/movement). To prevent weight gain in a healthy adult the total energy intake must be less than energy output.

Measurements: measure at the top of the iliac crest with tape measure men greater than 40 inches and women greater than 35 inches are overweight.

Some of the factors that may affect weight are:

  • Genetics
  • Biology
  • Environment
    • Those with less money eating at fast food
    • Those with more money eating out each night
  • Societal-see social modeling
  • Personal responsibility
  • Medications
  • Health care
  • Economics
  • Ecology
  • Diet
  • Physical activity
  • Stress and emotions
  • Most often not just one reason

Link to Mary Jo Vanhorn's webite; an excellent resource to help you identify behaviors and issues with eating.



Abdominal fat is also called android fat. This type of fat and location may lead to elevated BP and triglycerides (cholesterol) and low HDL (good cholesterol). It may also lead to higher level of blood glucose (sugar in the blood) and heart disease (especially in the men).

High abdominal fat associated with obesity, and may lead to insulin insensitivity and diabetes type 2, pancreatitis, joint pain.

Central obesity research did show that may lead to metabolic syndrome that includes high blood pressure and high cholesterol and diabetes. Healthy choices under personalized plan may lead to improved outcomes and decrease in obesity.

Women who are infertile may have polycystic ovary syndrome with android fat, and have a difficult time getting pregnant.

Female pattern often is pear shaped, and that may lead to increase of heart disease.